The only title in our democracy superior to that of President is the title of citizen."
- Louis D. Brandeis
What is a citizen? If you were born in a particular country, more than likely you are a citizen. But in practice a citizen is defined to be one of whom both the parents are citizens; other countries insist on going further back; say to two or three or more ancestors.
Sometimes people who are not born in a particular country want to become citizens. They do this by applying to the government to make them a citizen. This is called naturalization. We may say, first, that a citizen is not a citizen because he lives in a certain place, for a resident alien is a citizen who has few legal rights. Resident aliens in many places do not possess even such rights completely, for they are obliged to have a patron, so that they do but imperfectly participate in citizenship, and we call them residents only in a qualified sense. But the citizen whom we are seeking to define is